Abacus

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Memory is the recalling and recapitulating capacity of a person. The brain and the computer work in similar fashion to store day to day happenings, incidents and visuals. When a person's brain is fresh he is able to store more information and remember the matter for long.

Despite individual differences in memory, research indicates that in most people memory can be improved significantly by appropriate training. This does not mean that we can enlarge the storage capacity of our memory; what it means is that we can make our memory more efficient, so that it is more likely to absorb new information and hold that information in a way that makes it easy for us to find it again immediately we need it.

People vary in the efficiency of their long-term memory. Some people have a good long-term memory and some a poor long-term memory. Like other cognitive skills, this is probably determined partly by heredity. But research has shown that most of the difference between people with good and poor memory can be attributed to the methods or strategies they use to learn that information in the first place. By developing appropriate memory strategies we automatically store information in a more organised and efficient way that makes it easier for us to locate when we need it.

Lack of focus and concentration among students is not uncommon. This too a large extent is due to the playful nature of children, distraction by television or computer games or the Internet. Discovering that the brain can change as a result of experience has resulted in the development of cognitive training. Cognitive training improves cognitive functioning, which can increase working memory capacity and improve cognitive skill and functions in clinical populations with working memory deficiencies.